A “nutritionally balanced diet” is one of the important factors for maintaining good health. However, little is known about how dietary nutrients work in the body and affect health. Therefore, in this article, I will explain the essential functions and types of nutrients, their characteristics, and what kind of troubles will occur if they are deficient or excessively ingested.
How do nutrients work?
The functions of nutrients can be broadly divided into three categories: “become energy,” “build the body (including tissues such as muscles and bones, blood, etc.),” and “condition the body.” Some nutrients work not only in one but in more than one. For example, the “protein” that usually makes the body is decomposed and becomes an energy source when there is not enough energy to move the body.
In addition to proteins, the nutrients that make up the body include minerals that make bones and teeth, and lipids make cell membranes. Some vitamins and minerals condition the body, and it helps the organs work and is involved in the work of nerves, and keeps the body in a specific condition. In particular, most vitamins and minerals cannot be synthesized by the body, so you must get enough from your diet. In this way, human beings need to continue to take nutrients in some way from birth to death to continue their vital activities.
What are the types and characteristics of nutrients?
There are three important nutrients of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins” as the primary energy sources. These three significant nutrients plus trace elements, vitamins, and minerals are called ” five significant nutrients. The five major nutrients contain roughly the ingredients necessary for life support.
Furthermore, although it is not included in the five major nutrients in recent years, it is said that “dietary fiber” also plays a role in conditioning the body.
Carbohydrates are the several readily used energy source for the body and are highly effective energy sources for moving various organs, muscles, and brain. When you run out of sugar, your mind doesn’t get the energy it needs, and strengths and fats break down to make up for the lack of energy. On the other hand, if you ingest too much sugar, it will not be used as energy but converted to triglyceride and accumulated in the body as fat.
Although sugar is often given a bad image due to the sugar-restricted diet, which has become a hot topic in recent years, it is originally an efficient energy source that can move the brain and body immediately.
In addition to staying used as an energy source, lipids also play a role in being a component of cell membranes, organs, and nerves, and helping to transport vitamins. In addition, it has a significant role in keeping the body in a specific state, such as maintaining body temperature, moisturizing the skin, and helping normal hormones such as female hormones. Therefore, it is not good to reduce too much fat.
In particular, if a woman goes on an extreme diet just by looking at her body fat percentage, it can lead to damage to her beauty and health. Some fat is also needed to maintain beautiful skin and hair.
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Proteins make up most parts of the body, including organs such as muscles, internal organs, hair, and nails, as well as hormones, enzymes, and immune cells. Proteins become amino acids in the body and are a necessary component of cells. DNA, which carries genetic information, is also made from amino acids.
There are two main types of amino acids (amino acids that can be synthesized in the body and amino acids that cannot be synthesized). Amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body are collectively called “essential amino acids,” which must be ingested from the diet.
The “amino acid score” is an index that evaluates the nutritional value of proteins contained in foods. The amino acid score is a score of the blending balance of essential amino acids in foods.
For example, the amino acid score of eggs, chicken, salmon, milk, etc., is 100, soybeans are 86, rice is the staple food, is 65, and wheat, which is the material for bread, is 37. The low amino acid score of cereals is mainly due to the lack of the essential amino acid lysine. Vilitra 40 and Cenforce 150 can improve intimate life.
Although it is a trace element (an element that is necessary for life support but is present in a relatively small amount in the body), it is an essential nutrient for maintaining the health of the body. There are 16 kinds of essential minerals such as iron and sodium, including calcium that makes up bones and teeth, and they work to keep the body in good condition.
Minerals cannot be synthesized by the body and must be taken from the diet. A deficiency can lead to defects such as iron deficiency anemia and goiter from iodine deficiency. In addition, various symptoms such as osteoporosis due to lack of calcium occur. As with vitamins, taking too much can cause hypervitaminosis, so be careful when handling large amounts of supplements.
Dietary fiber is a general term for food components that are not digested by human digestive enzymes and is mainly contained in cereals, vegetables, fruits, potatoes, seaweeds, shellfish, etc. It has become clear that dietary fiber plays a vital role in conditioning the body.
Foods with a lot of dietary fiber naturally chew more often, which leads to saliva production, and a small amount gives a feeling of fullness, which helps prevent overeating. At the same time, it slows down the digestion and absorption of sugar in the small intestine, which helps prevent diabetes by suppressing the rise in blood sugar. In addition, some types of dietary fiber that adsorb cholesterol and bile acids work to reduce blood cholesterol levels. Vilitra 60 and Vilitra 20 to treat for ED.
Nutrients serve as an energy source for the body and play an essential role in building and conditioning the body. In particular, the three major nutrients, sugars, lipids, and proteins those serves as energy sources for the body and make the body, are called the “three major nutrients,” and the five that add vitamins and minerals that regulate the body’s condition are the five major nutrients. In either case, taking too much or deficiency can lead to physical discomfort, so use your diet and supplements well and try to have a well-balanced diet.