Health Lifestyle

WARNING: 5 Possible Reasons for Baby and Toddler Bruises

Written by Nicole Ann Pore

Held in their mothers’ arms as fine gold, babies are clothed with warmth and love. They are taken care of and paid attention to with the best that every parent can give. As the most precious gifts, these tiny tots are protected and kept safe so even the littlest pain won’t be able to come close to them. 

While babies grow up a bit and become toddlers, it’s just so priceless to see them learning  and discovering things here and there. Parents can hardly take their eyes off of these munchkins because aside from their irresistible cuteness, they must be supervised to avoid accidents. 

Well, when you are a parent, you know that it’s worrisome whenever you hear the baby or the toddler cry for whatever reason. One of the many reasons and definitely the most typical reason why these babies and toddlers screamingly cry is when they get a wound or a scratch that hurts or looks scary to them. Of course, you run as swiftly as you can to attend to their needs and to relieve that bad boo-boo.

Sometimes though, there are times when you see some bruises and scratches on them, but you don’t know where they got these from. Digging up your memory, you are trying to remember any instance when they could have possibly gotten them, yet you just can’t recall. Maybe, you really don’t know. 

Babies and toddlers seem to get bruises more frequently than grown-up kids simply because they are still taking the first footsteps in life, and they are quite reckless. While for some, oddly, it’s fine and not a big deal to see bruises and scratches on these littlies’ skins, for many parents, they are bothersome. That’s especially when they see them often or weirdly. 

Here’s a list for parents who want to be enlightened and who also want to be sure about the skin blemishes they see from their cubs. These are 5 possible reasons for baby and toddler bruises and what you can and should do about them!  

1 – LEARNING STAGE AND PLAYFUL MOVEMENTS

Usually starting from close to 1 year old, babies begin to crawl faster, though still not stable. Many of them, especially in this new generation, are already learning how to pull themselves up and walk. Although they are still wobbly, these tiny tots are eager to get up on their two feet! 

Of course, parents are always alertly guiding the toddlers as they learn to stand up and walk. When you’re a parent, you know how nervous you can get at the first time your babies look so cutely enthusiastic while, little by little, understanding the thrust of standing up and moving on their own.

Because it’s the learning stage for younger kids, there could be some falling and going out of balance. When you are suddenly not prepared for these or when your reflexes don’t work on time, they might obtain bruises from those happenings.

Meanwhile, commonly for older kiddiewinks who are quite used to walking and can now run too, bruises can be seen more often. Because of their swift and playful movements, they might knock onto some things at home or in the place you go to. Usually, active toddlers who are not-so-easy to chase and control get bruises from banging onto edges and surfaces of furniture. 

What should you do? If the bruises come with wounds, don’t forget to apply proper first aid including ointment and bandages when necessary. For more serious injuries, consult the doctor to make sure there won’t be infections and worse conditions that may arise. If there are no open wounds, ice packs and cold compress are preferred to constrict blood vessels. To mitigate the pain and boost blood flow, a gentle massage and pressure will help. 

Well, first and foremost, prevention is way much better than cure, so to avoid these bruises due to playful movements that lead to bumping inside the house, enhance your indoor setting to keep risky surfaces away from children’s zones. Consider covering the corners of wooden benches and even soft couches. If that’s not enough, replace them with more baby-friendly sofas. Most importantly, keep an eye on the babies and the toddlers whenever they are playing around. Don’t leave them alone. They are learning, still carelessly playing, so supervise and have your hands ready to catch them when they fall or to pull them away from foreseen harm. 

 2 – BROKEN BLOOD VESSELS

If you notice mini red spots or a group of them on your baby’s skin, you might think that these are effects of simple skin irritations. But before you assume that they really are, observe what happens when you press the area where they are located. Do they turn pale? No? If that’s the case, that may indicate broken blood vessels according to Dr. Dixon from Riley Children’s Health.

There may be clotting problems that’s why the blood vessels are experiencing this. You will notice that these dots are not normally plain bruises because they appear on body parts unusually affected by bruises like the cheeks or the eye area.

Immediately visit your child’s pediatrician when you suspect that this is your baby’s case. This has to be treated.

3 – HEMOPHILIA

Some noticeable bruises in kids with no apparent reason might be a sign of hemophilia. This is an excessive bleeding disorder acquired through genetic composition inherited from the family.

Commonly, hemophilia is diagnosed before a child turns 2 to 5 years of age, when he or she becomes more active. He or she may obtain large bruises easily and have his or her joints bleeding after a laceration, after a vaccine or after a surgery. Unfortunately, bleeding may also be found even in the absence of wounds. Other symptoms of hemophilia include pain and swelling of joints due to bleeding. 

This is a serious matter to focus on in case you are worried about noticing similar conditions from your baby or toddler. Consult your physician in no time, so any worsening will be hampered. A hematologist is needed. Laboratory examinations will be done. Depending on the findings, your child will be given necessary treatments as there are variations among type A, B and C. Take immediate action before weighty complications occur.

4 – MEDICATION SIDE EFFECTS

Bruising can also be the side effects of medications taken by your child. 

Blood thinners prevent clotting of blood, so bruising might happen. Antibiotics, anticoagulants, steroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also do the same. 

In case your child is drinking such medicines before experiencing the bruising, contact the physician who prescribed them to know whether or not it is a normal side effect that’s nothing to worry about. On the other hand, if nobody prescribed the medicine to your child but you let him or her take it because it was previously given for actual medication purposes, halt it immediately, and consult your child’s doctor for updated and proper prescription. 

5 – CHILD ABUSE

Parental discipline may include physical discipline at times. Well, most of the time for some cultures. But when you are a parent who uses this kind of parenting, you surely must know the limits. Controlling your emotions is very important, so as not to put your kids to harm. 

Of course, infants and toddlers must be neither spanked nor pinched by their parents. They are just “babies” who know little to nothing. 

What’s alarming is when you notice unexplained bruises on your kid while never laying a finger on them to “discipline” them since you are aware that they are still unaware of their doings. Keenly observe the scratches and skin marks they get. Do they seem accidental? Or do they seem intentional? If it’s the latter, you may suspect it’s child abuse. 

You may put this as a crucial suspicion especially when you are not the only one who tends to the toddler. Do you have a babysitter or someone in the house to whom you leave the child for a while sometimes? You have to be sure about their intentions and their actions towards your offspring because child abuse is a grave offense. First of all, those culprits don’t have any right to hurt an innocent kid, especially not coming from their own flesh and blood. And second, it’s illegal. 

Physical child abuse is terrible, and it has traumatic effects to the child, mostly to those who aren’t crawling anymore. The social capacity, the mental wellbeing and the emotional health will be negatively affected as well. The frequent physical injuries caused by child abuse, though they may be little, might lead to big health problems for your tiny tot. 

If you suspect that your baby is a victim of child abuse, be extra wary and observant. While it is still a suspicion, keep monitoring the rate of injury occurrence on your child. If you find safe, privately ask your toddler to get hints about the treatment of the babysitter or of the suspected culprit towards him or her. 

After confirming that someone is indeed inflicting abuse upon your dear darling, know that there are child advocates, child protection programs, family lawyers and law experts willing to help you file legal complaints against the abuser. Put a stop to the ill treatment that your youngster is experiencing from the hand of a wrongdoer. Do that now.

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BABY AND TODDLER BRUISES

Oftentimes, bruising is normal in little kids, especially during their active and vigorous years. Because they are usually moving without thought, they get bumped onto hard things that lead to bruising. However, you must also be sure that the bruises you notice on your kid’s skin are nothing more than that. 

And if it goes unlikeable, little bruises can actually be big issues. Take the essential and urgents actions in case the situation goes beyond normal. There’s always something – practical, medical and/or legal – which you can do for your child’s health, safety and protection. 

About the author

Nicole Ann Pore

Nicole Ann Pore is a dedicated writer who values high-quality research before weaving words into high-quality content. She graduated Cum Laude from De La Salle University-Manila.

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